Sustainable agriculture is a system of farming. It has its roots in a set of values that reflects an awareness of both ecological and social realities. It involves design and management procedures that work with natural processes to conserve all resources, minimize waste and environmental damage, while maintaining or improving farm profitability. Sustainable agriculture systems are designed to take maximum advantage of existing soil nutrient and water management for food production. As well, such systems aim to produce food that is nutritious, without being contaminated with products that might harm human health. Sustainable agriculture systems rely on crop rotations, crop diversification, animal/organic manures, green manures, off-farm organic wastes and to maintain soil fertility and productivity. Natural, biological, and cultural controls are used to manage pests, weeds and diseases.
In the year 2012, Project of Food Security was initiated by ABSK at nine targeted villages of Bolpur Sriniketan and Sainthia Block. Four hundred twenty targeted farmers were motivated to adopt the mechanism of sustainable agricultural practices through recycling the natural resources and reducing the inputs cost substantially.
Wadi is a pogramme based on the farming system of rain fed areas which envisages empowering women through community participation. Since last 7 year ABSK is focused on tribal development with the assistance of NAABARD through provide beneficiaries the basic information and advantages of orchard farming, organic farming, as well as microfinance for marketing of the products. ABSK is implementing this project in two places of West Bangal i.e Rajnagar of Birbhum dist and saltora Bankura districts. In is an Endeavour for agricultural development of the rain fed barren land through intercropping restoration of denuded land. This initiative refers to eliminate the livelihood problems of the tribal families. The targeted families is empowering themselves towards better livelihood through small orchard formation by nurturing cashew and mango plants in organic way.
ABSK has been implementing West Bengal Accelerated Development of Minor Irrigation with the support of World Bank. The project aims to bring sustainable developments and management of surface and ground water resources to increase agricultural productivity and rural employment generation by developing different minor irrigation structures. This project is implementing in single Cropping areas of total 18 districts, West Bengal with the priority to tribal and backward villages. ABSK is looking after of 5 districts Nadia, Birbhum, Murshidabad, Malda, Burdwan districts under supervision of Water Resources Investigation and Development department of West Bengal. The initiatives has been taken through strengthening community based organization i.e. Water Users Association (WUA) on irrigation management operation and maintenance, Development of minor irrigation schemes, support to agricultural development-including provisions of agricultural services and creating income generation opportunities for the marginalized farmers.
The project development objective is to enhance agricultural production of small and marginal farmers in the project area. This would be achieved through Strengthening community-based institutions i.e. Water User Association (WUA) on irrigation management, operation and maintenance, Construction and development of minor irrigation schemes (surface & ground water). Support to agricultural development, including provision of agricultural services, encouraging crop diversification and use of new technologies, and creating income generating opportunities.